Medline. After moving skin and tissue out-of-the-way, the surgeon will place clamps at each end of the blocked section of artery. visit the websiteTalk with your doctor about whether this could be the case, and what treatment options are available to you. 8 Peripheral artery disease occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries and prevents blood from circulating from the feet and legs to the heart. It is broad, and often deeply grooved; it is directed lateral ward in the upper two-thirds of its course, backward in the lower third, where it is continuous with the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. You have an infection or gangrene in your leg. They’re more likely to happen if you’re inactive for long periods, like on a long flight or car ride. bunion handWilliam J bracket, MD Research Assistant, Department of orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. You may need to spend 1 or 2 days in bed if the surgery involves the large artery in your abdomen called the aorta.